15. Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche

Route name

Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche

District

Caraş-Severin

Massif

Almăj Mountains

Route type

main, with 2 secondary deviated lines

Marking

Blue band (BB)

Description of the route

The route begins from the west limit of the Iron Natural Park on  DN 57A, at 2 km of Socol and follows the  national road to  Pojejena , after 500 m on the left side  can be seen 2 folds of sheep and nearby at the edge of the road we have a fountain  (1) ; then the route continues on the  national road  and after 700 m on the left side we see cliff formations that create a special view until  Ostrovul Calinovăt, then after 350 m we see the ruins of a stone bridge that used to be  the groundwork of the first railway in Romania of the coalmenin Oraviţa Baziaș;it made the connection between  Baziaș and Biserica Albă in Serbia 100 years ago; then after 1,8 km we arrive in  Baziaș where we can see the ruins of an old building  of over 150 years that used to be a water tower , as well as the famous  Serbian orthodox monastery in  Bazias – Locaşul Sf  Sava from 1225 18th century ; still here in  Bazias we have a fountain  and a lay-over place  in Baziaș .The route continues on  DN57 and after  600 m on the right side we see  Apus de Soare cabin  where you can stay overnight and serve a hot meal, and  on the right side you  may also see the ruins of what used to be a casino.  Then we leave Bazias and after a distance of about  2,5 km we can see on the course of the Danube  the Calinovat island, an island that has got a strict protection regime, being the integral protection area as special area of avifauna protection and has got a surface of 24 ha.After passing the  Calinovaţ island and after  3 km  we arrive in  Starii Divici, where we have   Flying Fish boarding house , a mixed shop (1)and the west limit of the special Area of Avifauna Protection  Divici-Pojejenawhich extends along the Danube shore  that contains associated ponds until Pojejena and has got a surface  of 498 ha ; from the west limit  a of the protection area  where there is an informing panel  we travel at a distance of 1,5 km and meet the road junction (1)of the main route with a secondary route, we enter  this secondary route  and after a distance of  200 m on a back road we arrive  on the Danube shore where  you can admire  the avifauna and the specific hygrophile vegetation, birds, rush-bed.  We return to the main route and continue  on the main route on the national road  and after  150 m on the left side we have    escarpment  with martins Natural Reservation  bordering  IUCN: IV Surface : 5,0 ha, and after 500 m we enter Divici, and after 500 m  we have a mixed shop (2)  on the right sideand after  400 m  a fountain (2) . we leave Divici and after 1,3 km  on the left side we meet  Gina boarding house , and we enter  Belobresca as well and after  about  200 m we meet another road junction  (2)of the main route with a secondary one, we follow this secondary route  at a distance of  600 m and we arrive at  the Danube shore ; here you can see the ruins  of a mill  and the  avifauna and hygrophile vegetation  characteristic to the protection area.

We return on the main route, we continue along the road through  Belobreșca and after500m we pass near Serbian Cultural Centerwhich can be visited; then  we leave the locality and after800 m we enter Șușca locality; here at close distances on the right side there is a fountain  (3)and a mixed shop  (3) and nearby there is another shop and at the exit from Sușca locality at a distance of 350 m we see the set up lay-over place and a bird observer ; after  1,7 km we meet the west limit of the special Area of Avifauna Protection  and an informing panel; immediately afterwards we enter Pojejena and after 900 m we arrive at the city hall; at  150 m from it we see another mixed shop(4), and after  350 m there is a fountain (4)  and then another mixed shop; then the route intersects the national road  DN 57.At this crossroads on the opposite part there is an informing center of the Iron Gates Natural Park.  From here the tourist route goes to Moldova Veche localityand after 2,5 km we enter Macesti locality, at exit outside the tourist route, we see  Melinda boarding house , then after about 1,4km before entering Moldova Veche on a devious road on the leftthere is Dunărea boarding houseand on the national road a gas station  (1) ; the tourist route follows the road that passes through Moldova Veche locality. in this locality along the route on the national road we have Penny and Plus market ,a branch of  BRD bank, a sweatshop for reparing bikes, and after leaving the locality you see another gas station (2);the exit route from the locality continues at a distance of  1 km then it leaves the national road at a road junction(3)on the right side and continues until the edge of the Danube for about 600 m.  From here you can use a boat until  Ostrovul Moldova Veche, special Area of Avifauna Protection  having a surface  of 1627 ha. The tourist route in Ostrov goes on the right edge of it on a back road at a distance of 4,5 km . Here there is also  the end of the route.The return is done on the same route until DN 57.

Length in km

34,6 km

Difference of level (total)

107 m

Running time

10-12 h (backward 10-12 h)

GPS coordinates

Beginning of the route – N44 50.592, E21 21.905

Fountain (1) – N44 50.292, E21 21.957

Serbian orthodox monastery in Bazias – N44 48.962, E21 23.379

Apus de Soare Cabin – N44 48.636, E21 23.397

Mixed shop (1) – N44 46.688, E21 26.440

Flying Fish Boarding house – N44 46.708, E21 26.657

Road junction (1)-secondary route – N44 46.883, E21 27.978

Lay-over place Mixed shop (2)- N44 46.930, E21 28.827

Fountain(2) – N44 46.964, E21 29.136

Gina   boarding house – N 44 47.072, E 21 30.299

Road junction (2) – N44 47.080, E21 30.362

Ruins of a mill – N44 46.803, E21 30.337

Serbian cultural center Belobreșca – N 44 47.149, E 21 30.805

Fountain(3) +mixed shop (3) – N44 47.053, E21 31.76

Lay-over place anda bird observer – N44 47.007, E21 32.410

Pojejena  city hall – N 44 46.381, E 21 34.165

Mixed shop (4) – N44 46.311, E21 34.174

Fountain (4) – N44 46.227, E21 34.340

Informing center + Crossroads DN57 with DN57A – N 44 46.436, E 21 34.843

Melinda boarding house – N44 45.207, E21 36.461

Gas station (1) – N44 44.532, E21 36.882

Gas station (2) – N44 43.315, E21 37.629

Road junction (3) – N44 43.101, E21 38.323

End of the route – N 44.688284, E 21.620674

Accessible:

In spring / summer / autumn

No. of applied signs

161

No. of posts

2

No. of signage

0

No. of informing panels and their location

2 panels, on DN57

State of route

Good

State of marking

Good

Necessary works to execute

There are not

Covers on route

Capacity no. place/their state

A lay-over place set up with a small table, two benches and a recycle bin

Difficulty degree

high

Route importance

reduced

Access in the area

By car – from DN57

Year of route homologation  

2011

 

It travels through areas with elements of a special natural patrimony (natural reservations, of areas of special Avifauna Protection ) with habitats and species of birds and animals protected by national and communitarian regulation.

Baltă Nera – Dunăre Natural Reservation, Area of Special Preservation

Bordering   IUCN– IV surface  10,0 ha.

The importance of the reservation  is given by the wet area with specific  hydrophilic and hygrophile  vegetation  (Typha sp., Phragmites sp., Carex sp., Salix sp.), an a rich aquatic avifauna  : the little egret (Egretta garzetta), pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus), common kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). All the three species are strict protected by the Convention of Berna  and there are in the International Red List as being vulnerable species. Concerning the  mammals we notice  here  European otter  (Lutra lutra) a strict protectes species by the Convention of Berna, the wild cat  (Felis silvestris), the wolf (Canis lupus) etc. here we can also meet  the European mudminnow (Umbra kramerii) a fish species strict protected by the international regulation.  An important point for birdwaching- Calinovat island, Area of special Preservation, Special Area of Avifauna Protection, Bordering IUCN: IV, Surface : 24,0 ha.

Ostrov represents a true oasis for a lot of species of birds fount during the seasonal migrations or for nestling.  Avifauna is well represented, and  among the most important species we can meet: Eurasian bittern (Botaurus stellaris), pygmy cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus), the little egret (Egretta garzetta), the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis),thefish eagle  (Pandion haliaetus), black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax). We mention that all the species of birds enumerated before, are strict protected by regulation.

Escarpment with martinsNatural ReservationBordering IUCN: IV Surface : 5,0 ha

The reservation was designated for protecting the nests and the colonies of red-rumped swallows  (Hirundo dahurica) built  in the steeps formed in the quaternary loessoid deposits.

The species is rare and protected by the Convention of Berna and is on the International Red List as being vulnerable species.

Divici – Pojejena Wet Area: Special Area of Avifauna Protection; Bordering  IUCN: IV; Surface : 498,0 ha

The wet area made up of ponds and the water surface of the Danube that appeared due to the  formation of the barrier lake of the Iron Gates Hydro central I.

It favoured the change of the initial ecosystems and the appearance of the ecosystems of wet area which have an intermediary position between  the land and aquatic systems. It appears under the form of ponds, moors, constant fresh natural waters, having a very reduced flow, as well as low grounds flooded periodically.

The area of ponds represents an important point of reproduction and rising of the sapling of the Danube fish species as: carp, pike, tench, zander, catfish etc. the area is an important point for  birdwatching.

Avifauna is well represented, among the most important species we can meet: Eurasian bittern (Botaurus stellaris), pygmy cormorant(Phalacrocorax pygmaeus), the little egret (Egretta garzetta), the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis),thefish eagle  (Pandion haliaetus), black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax).

Ostrovul Moldova VecheSpecial Area of Avifauna Protection; Bordering  IUCN: IV; Surface :1627,0 ha,

On the island 72 bird species were identified among which a number of 28 species are included in the European Directive regarding the protection of the wild birds, among which we can mention the following ones:  Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis, Aerdea purpurea, Nycticorax nycticorax, Egretta garzetta, Oenantha hispanică, Anas strepera, Anas plathyrhynchos, Larus argenttatus.

Among the rare species of fish we can mention: Lota lotaand Umbra krameri. Flora is represented by arboreal elements like:  Salix albă, Populus albă, Salix purpureaand tumble- weeds like Salvinia natans, Elodea canadensis, Phragmites australis, Butomus umbellatus, Iris pseudacorus, etc. the area is an important point for  birdwatching.

Map:

Balta Nera - Ostrov Moldova Veche - 1
Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche – 1
Balta Nera - Ostrov Moldova Veche - 2
Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche – 2
Balta Nera - Ostrov Moldova Veche - 3
Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche – 3
Balta Nera - Ostrov Moldova Veche - 4
Balta Nera – Ostrov Moldova Veche – 4