Cioaca Cremeneasca -Rudina
Red triangle (RT)
Description of the route
The route climbs up an old sylvan road, entering a holm tree forest and after 400 m we meet a road junction (1) and we will pass on the left deviated line,the route climbs with an ascent of 15%; and after 1,2 km we meet the road junction (2) and the lay-over place, then we follow the deviated line on the right side which climbs up, we enter a fir tree forest ,the ascent is of 15%,and after 250 m we enter a more opened place where the route gets out of the forest and after passing a glade in the climb-up direction, we have the first belvedere pointP.B.1, with an opening of 180 degreesand you can see the Danube and the Serbian shore, the route continues to climb up the crest. The ascent becomes more emphatic 20%, and it follows a path on a stony ground among the fir trees, after passing the forest at a distance of 250 m,we enter the second belvedere point P.B.2with an opening of 180 degrees and you can see the Danube, Cazanele Dunării, the Serbian shore; we enter then a short part of standing crop and after 250 m we enter a large gladewhere we have the third belvedere point P.B.3with an opening of 180 degreesfrom where you can see the Danube, Cioaca Rudina, the dwellings around it ; the route gets into a nearby standing crop in a holm forest that follows the Cremeneasca crest and after 300 m we meet the sylvan bollard 12 UP IV ,then the route continues through the forest for about 400 m and the tourist route begins to climb down on a back road and we meet the Elchescu’s dwelling, then after150 m we meet a road junction (3)and we will go on the left deviated line following the back road for 400 muntil a road junction (4);we follow the left deviated line and after passing through a large glade through its middle after 900 m we meet Filipescu’s dwelling, being very close to Cioaca Rudina ,the route follows the south-west direction in the middle of the glade for 500 m, then we go on the margin of a fir tree forest and after 300 m we arrive on Cioaca Rudina where we have the forth belvedere pointP.B.4 ,with an opening of 360 degreesand you can see the North-East the Danube, Cazane Mari , andRâvnă peak and Copriva peak to N-W; the route then goes to west along the stony edge of the Hill and follows a climb-down on a part of 500 m and enters a fir-tree forest, and after 250 m it leaves the back road which climbs down on the left side and passes through a standing crop at a distance of 850 m until we will see on the left side of the road a mine air-shaft; then after 230 m the route leaves the back road and enters on the right side into the forest and follows the route markings and after 250 m we arrive at the end of the route which gets out on DN 57 on Gârbovita Valley.
Length in km
Difference of level (total)
4-5 h (backward 4-5 h)
Beginning of the route – N44 33.715, E22 13.392
Road junction (1) – N44 33.877, E22 13.480
Road junction (2) – N44 33.879, E22 13.142
Lay-over place- N 44.574633, E 22.198965
Belvedere point 1 – N44 34.104, E22 12.922
Belvedere point 2 – N44 34.131, E22 12.754
Belvedere point 3 – N44 34.182, E22 12.576
Elchescu’s dwelling – N44 34.544, E22 11.990
Road junction (3) – N44 34.578, E22 11.899
Road junction (4) – N44 34.419, E22 11.887
Filipescu’s dwelling – N44 34.011, E22 12.221
Belvedere point 4 – N44 33.693, E22 12.576
Mine air-shaft – N44 33.305, E22 12.856
End of the route – N44 33.191, E22 13.087
In spring /summer/autumn
No. of applied signs
No. of posts
No. of signage
No. of informing panels and their location
2 panels, both panels, at the entry and exit on DN57
State of route
State of marking
Necessary works to execute
There are not
Covers on route
Capacity no. place/their state
A lay-over place set up with a small table, two benches and a recycle bin
Access in the area
By car – from DN57
Year of route homologation
Natural elements and attractions:
The wood vegetation is represented by a mixture forest, where we meet elements like the holm (Quercus petraea), the Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto), but also Mediterranean elements asoriental hornbeam(Carpinus orientalis) or the butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus).
The flora species are characteristic for the temperate-continental climate , with sub Mediterranean influences , as the orchids (Orchys), sweet William (Diantus), violas (Viola) or snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis).
The fauna is represented by some mammals as the wolf (Canis lupus), the buck (Capreolus Capreolus) or the wild cat (Felis sylvestris), reptileslike the tortoise (Testudo hermanni boetgerri), the green lizard (Lacerta viridis) or the lizard (Lacerta agilis), raptors like the hen-harrier (Buteo buteo) or the red kestrel (Falco tinnunculus).
On the route Cioaca Cremeneasca-Rudina the bicellular houses are preserved, a kind of old house, characteristic for the Iron Gates Defile. This type of bicellular house preserved in a reduced number of dwellings. In the bicellular house, a room with bake-stone and opened chimney, a “cuina” is always found , constituting the first room at the entry in the house; it has no windows, it renews the air through the door and the air streams driven on the large chimney.It answers some multiple undifferentiated needs : it has a function of pantry(the box with flour, the barrel with cabbage, bucket with cheese); the chimney serves for smoking pork, which is seldom kept there; it has the function of a kitchen (a bake-stone where the food is prepared). In the cuina, near the bake-stone, is placed the bread oven; here can also be found “pit” to the bridge (little doorin the ceiling) with the stairs besides ; in the house attic are kept other products (corn, wheat, dry vegetables). This room means a central place of the house. Beside, at the entry of the cuina, the living room “the furnace” can be found.
It is one of the routes in which the tourist can see the landscapes of the Danube valley , and also the favourable or unfavourable changes determined by anthropic activities. It’s about several stock-piles of blank deposed in the middle of the natural pictoresqueness, after the mine exploitations in the Iron Gates Defile. There are infertility oases, at which the ecotourist can meditate. Is there a continuous fight between man and nature? Or maybe because the cohabitation of man with nature , Homo sapiens sapiens brings prejudices to the natural, maybe irrecoverable. But in all this landscape, here and there damaged by the industrial violence, the quartz rock (the so-called pebbles, from which the name of the crest comes) , the serpentinite of Tisovita and Plavisevita, the old bicellular houses, oak forests with sub Mediterranean flora, traditional food from the dwellings, the specific Romanian hospitality remain elements that call you to show you that “the native” of the Iron Gates always knew to respect the environment and all its gifts.
Map :Cioaca Cremeneasca – Rudina