10. Cremeneasca – Rudina

Route name

Cioaca  Cremeneasca -Rudina

Massif

Almăj Mountains

District

Mehedinți

Route type

Main

Marking

Red triangle (RT)

Description of the route

The route climbs up an old sylvan road, entering a holm tree forest  and after 400 m we meet a road junction (1) and we will pass on the left deviated line,the route climbs with an ascent of 15%; and after 1,2 km we meet the road junction (2) and the lay-over place, then we follow the deviated line on the right side  which climbs up, we enter a fir tree forest ,the ascent is of  15%,and after  250 m we enter a more opened place where the route gets out of the forest and after passing a glade  in the climb-up direction, we have the first belvedere pointP.B.1, with an opening of  180 degreesand you can see  the Danube and the Serbian shore, the route  continues  to climb up the crest. The ascent becomes  more emphatic 20%, and it follows a path on a stony ground among the fir trees, after passing the forest at a distance of  250 m,we enter the second belvedere point P.B.2with an opening of  180 degrees and you can see  the Danube, Cazanele Dunării, the Serbian shore;  we enter then a short part of standing crop and after 250 m we enter a large gladewhere we have the third belvedere point  P.B.3with an opening of  180 degreesfrom where you can see  the Danube, Cioaca Rudina, the dwellings around it ; the route gets into a nearby standing crop  in a holm forest that follows the Cremeneasca crest and after  300 m we meet the sylvan bollard 12 UP  IV ,then the route continues through the forest for about 400 m and the tourist route begins to climb down  on a back road and we meet  the Elchescu’s dwelling, then after150 m we meet a road junction (3)and we will go on the left deviated line following the back road for 400 muntil a road junction (4);we follow the left deviated line and after passing through a large glade through its middle after 900 m we meet  Filipescu’s dwelling, being  very close to  Cioaca Rudina ,the route follows the south-west direction in the middle of the glade for 500 m, then we go on the margin of a fir tree forest and after  300 m we arrive on Cioaca Rudina where we have the forth belvedere pointP.B.4 ,with an opening of 360 degreesand you can see the  North-East  the Danube, Cazane Mari , andRâvnă peak and Copriva peak to N-W; the route then goes to west along the stony  edge of the Hill and  follows a climb-down on a part of 500 m and enters a fir-tree forest, and after  250 m it leaves the back road which climbs down on the left side and passes through a standing crop at a distance of  850 m until we will see on the left side of the road a mine air-shaft;  then after 230 m the route leaves the back road and enters on the right side into the forest and follows the route markings and after 250 m we arrive at the end of the route which gets out on  DN 57 on Gârbovita Valley.

Length in km

8,2 km

Difference of level (total)

562 m

Running time

4-5 h (backward 4-5 h)

GPS coordinates

Beginning of the route – N44 33.715, E22 13.392

Road junction (1) – N44 33.877, E22 13.480

Road junction (2) – N44 33.879, E22 13.142

Lay-over place- N 44.574633, E 22.198965

Belvedere point 1 – N44 34.104, E22 12.922

Belvedere point 2 – N44 34.131, E22 12.754

Belvedere point 3 – N44 34.182, E22 12.576

Elchescu’s dwelling – N44 34.544, E22 11.990

Road junction  (3) – N44 34.578, E22 11.899

Road junction  (4) – N44 34.419, E22 11.887

Filipescu’s dwelling – N44 34.011, E22 12.221

Belvedere point 4 – N44 33.693, E22 12.576

Mine air-shaft – N44 33.305, E22 12.856

End of the route – N44 33.191, E22 13.087

Accessible:

In spring /summer/autumn

No. of applied signs

410

No. of posts

2

No. of signage

0

No. of informing panels and their location

2 panels, both panels, at the entry and exit on DN57

State of route

Good

State of marking

Good

Necessary works to execute

There are not

Covers on route

Capacity no. place/their state

A lay-over place set up with a small table, two benches and a recycle bin

Difficulty degree

Average

Route importance

Reduced

Access in the area

By car – from DN57

Year of route homologation 

2011

 

 

Natural elements and attractions:

 

The wood vegetation is represented by a mixture forest, where  we meet elements like the holm  (Quercus petraea), the Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto), but also Mediterranean elements  asoriental hornbeam(Carpinus orientalis) or the butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus).

The flora species are characteristic for the temperate-continental climate , with sub Mediterranean influences , as the orchids (Orchys), sweet William  (Diantus), violas (Viola) or snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis).

The fauna is represented by some mammals as the wolf (Canis lupus), the buck (Capreolus Capreolus) or the wild cat  (Felis sylvestris), reptileslike the tortoise (Testudo hermanni boetgerri), the green lizard (Lacerta viridis) or the lizard  (Lacerta agilis), raptors like the hen-harrier  (Buteo buteo) or the red kestrel  (Falco tinnunculus).

On the route  Cioaca Cremeneasca-Rudina the bicellular houses are preserved, a kind of old house, characteristic for  the Iron Gates Defile.  This type of bicellular house preserved in a reduced number of dwellings. In the bicellular house, a room with bake-stone and opened chimney, a “cuina” is always found , constituting the first room at the entry in the house; it has no windows, it renews the air through the door and the air streams driven on the large chimney.It answers some  multiple undifferentiated needs : it has a function of pantry(the box with flour, the barrel with cabbage, bucket with cheese); the chimney serves for smoking pork, which is seldom kept there;  it has the function of a kitchen (a bake-stone where the food is prepared). In the cuina, near the bake-stone, is placed the bread oven; here can also be found  “pit” to the bridge  (little doorin the ceiling) with the stairs besides ; in the house attic are kept other products  (corn, wheat, dry vegetables). This room means a central place of the house. Beside, at the entry of the cuina, the living room “the furnace” can be found.

It is one of the routes in which the tourist can see the landscapes of the Danube valley , and also the favourable or unfavourable changes determined by anthropic activities.  It’s about several stock-piles of blank deposed in the middle of the natural pictoresqueness, after the mine exploitations in the Iron Gates Defile.  There are infertility oases, at which the ecotourist can meditate. Is there a continuous fight between man and nature? Or maybe because the cohabitation of man with nature , Homo sapiens sapiens brings prejudices to the natural,  maybe irrecoverable. But in all this landscape, here and there damaged by the industrial violence, the quartz rock (the so-called pebbles, from which the name of the crest comes) , the serpentinite of Tisovita and Plavisevita, the old bicellular houses, oak forests with sub Mediterranean flora, traditional food from the dwellings, the specific Romanian hospitality remain elements that call you to show you that  “the native” of the Iron Gates always knew to respect the environment and all its gifts.

 Map :

Cioaca Cremeneasca - RudinaCioaca Cremeneasca – Rudina