Forms of tourism

Through the natural and ethno-cultural heritage it holds, this space offers the opportunity to develop all main forms of tourism, which will be reviewed in the following:

SCIENTIFIC TOURISM appeared as a result of the discovery of the territory of several municipalities in the region, on both sides of the Danube Gorge, of numerous sites with geological structures or with fossil fauna that have aroused the interest of geologists and paleontologists, living elements of endemic or rare flora and fauna that entered the sphere of attention of the botanists, entomologists and zoologists, traces of prehistoric, ancient or feudal habitation, which has attracted historians and archaeologists in the area.

CULTURAL TOURISM is a form of tourism that aims at a wider sphere of tourists and is achieved by visiting objectives of historic heritage (archaeological vestiges, monuments, religious buildings, ethnographic museums and popular technique objectives), visiting museums, attending cultural events (folk music and dance shows, traditional feasts, exhibitions).

This form of tourism is also targeted at an authorized audience and represents a modern form to spend the holidays. This form of tourism can be practiced in the IGNP along the Danube. Thus, one can visit archaeological objectives of the ancient period (Dacian fortresses of Divici and Stanca Liubcova, Roman Fort and Apollodorus’ bridge foot), the Middle Ages (the ruins of St. Ladislaus, Drencova and Tricule fortresses), and modern history (Veterani Cave, Iron Gates I Hydropower and Navigation Complex).

The territory we are referring to holds also monuments important for the Romanian national identity (the memorial plaque Traiana, the bust of King Decebal).

ECUMENICAL TOURISM or monastic tourism appeared as early as the middle ages and developed very strongly in modern times. The pilgrimage has led to the construction of roads and settlements, made the trade and industries to flourish and has popularized their cultural aspects. After 1989, with the recovery of freedom of belief, our area has also seen an increased interest in religious spirituality materialized by visiting some monasteries like St. Ana Monastery, Vodita Monastery, the Catholic Cathedral of Orsova, etc.

REST AND RECEATIONAL TOURISM - The natural setting of the area is conducive to the development of this form of tourism, all the more so as this form of tourism is the least costly, aiming, practically, at all categories of tourists, regardless of their concerns, training, age, religion or wallet size. Depending on the mode of practice, the characteristics of this form of tourism are the backpacking and balneary tourism.

The most spectacular scenery on the entire course of the Danube River is that of Large and Small Cauldrons.

RURAL TOURISM is defined by spending the holidays in the countryside. This form of tourism is motivated by the desire of returning to nature, traditional life and customs and assumes the stay in a peasant household (farm or agrotouristic pension) or in a pension. To be favorable to rural tourism, rural localities must be located in an environment without pollutant factors, holding folkloric and cultural values and village traditions, with a rich historical past and other tourist resources that allow the construction of diversified and personalized offers.

ECO-TOURISM means visiting an area relatively unaffected by human activities, with a low environmental impact, which has an important educational component and provides a direct economic benefit to the economy and the local population.

BIRDWATCHING is a form of tourism that is addressed to those passionate about photographing and monitoring the feeding, nesting and flight behavior of bird species. Birdwatching can be practiced either in special facilities such as bird towers or observatories, or directly, in characteristic habitats without special facilities. This form of tourism can be practiced in the wetlands of the parks on both sides of the Danube, where two bird observatories are arranged in this regard.

FOREST TOURISM is a form of tourism that emphasizes the beauty of forest landscapes, with the well known variety of structures, forms and coloring.

Forest tourism is practiced based on the silvan chalets and cantons specially designed for this purpose and can be practiced safely under the guidance of the forestry field personnel or the field agents of the natural and national parks coordinated by the National Forest Administration – Romsilva. Forest tourism is related to hunting and sports tourism.

SPEOTOURISM is one of the forms of tourism that could harness the geological, speofaunistic, and speopeisagistic potential of such areas. The most famous and visited caves are: Punicova, the Fly Hole, the Water Cave in the Poleva Valley, Zamonita, Veterani, each of them having their own legends about fabulous animals, outlaws or battles between those who ruled these lands.

CYCLOTOURISM is an increasingly prevalent form of active tourism that can bring great benefits with minimal investment efforts, but is also a low environmental impact activity.

MOUNTAIN BIKING is a form of sports tourism related to cyclotourism, but it is applied on specific mountain paths, with suitably equipped bikes. In the parks on the banks of the Danube this form of sports tourism can be practiced already on many routes.

NAUTICAL TOURISM is one of the forms of tourism with the biggest impact, due to the existence of the Iron Gates I Accumulation Lake that allows carrying out all the forms of sports and leisure tourism.

All the above represents an invitation to practice the form of tourism that fits each personality the most, since tourism is the most effective method of keeping a physical and mental tone able to ensure the progress of human activities under good terms.