“Ion Dragomir” Village Museum in the center of Gornea, inaugurated on July 27th, 1969, has two exhibitions, one dedicated to archaeology and the other one to the ethnography of the place. In the Archaeological Hall you will see exhibits arranged by historical eras, from prehistory and the Roman period. In the Ethnography Hall, one can admire the folk costumes older than 100 years and the so clever “tools” of the wooden… era, donated by the villagers.
Private ethnographic collections from Eselnita Commune
The Ethnography Collection of Doina Olimpia and Teodor Grigore – furniture, traditional occupations, traditional costumes, ceramics, icons, pictures taken from the villages of Eselnita, Dubova, Ogradena;
The Collection of the priest Sever Negrescu (parish museum established in 1990-1996) – rare books, religious objects, icons, originating from the gorge localities: Tisovita, Ogradena, Plavisevita, Mraconia, Dubova, Eselnita.
The Museum of the Iron Gates region
In 1881, V. Dimitrescu published the work “The Museum of Severin”, which presents the monuments found in Mehedinti County and the antiques discovered incidentally or by systematic research, which local authorities had gathered in one place.
The Museum of the Iron Gates Hydroelectric Power Plant
Iron Gates I Hydropower and Navigation System, symbol of the Romanian energetics, the outgrowth of the Romanian-Yugoslav cooperation, was inaugurated on May 16th, 1972. The Museum of the Iron Gates I Hydroelectric Power Plant was opened in 1976, presenting the general characteristics of the Danube, hydrological data, materials evidence of the human settlements in the area.
The official start of works on the Iron Gates I Hydropower and Navigation System took place on September 7th, 1964. This construction is symmetrical and identical, with two hydroelectric power plants separated by the overflow dam, with a length of 441 m and 14 overflow holes, the dam being 74 m high. The accumulation lake formed has over 2 billion of cubic meters of water and a length of 120 km. The passage of ships is made through the two floodgates built symmetrically to the axis of the dam.
The locking system is in two stages, according to the principle of communicating vessels (the difference in water level is 30 m).
Before the construction of the Iron Gates I Hydroelectric Power Plant, the Complex Team of the Romanian Academy performed complex research in the area of the future accumulation lake Iron Gates I. A part of this research was exploited in the exhibition. Iron Gates Gorge area has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. Research has established that there two new archaeological cultures developed: Schela Cladovei in Epipaleolithic and Banului Island in the first iron age. The exhibition illustrates that these human communities have lived in this area starting with 30,000 years ago to the present days. This is evidenced by a rich pottery belonging to the various archaeological cultures.
Folk costumes from the Iron Gates area and a watermill considered a precursor to the modern Pelton turbine are exhibited in the museum.