The cross-border area of Iron Gates has always been recognized as one of the most beautiful European areas.
The Danube forms here the longest Gorge in Europe, with a length of 134 km. The Romanian gorge of the Danube has both narrowing and widening sections.
Geological and tectonic structure complexity has led to the formation of a highly varied relief, from depression to massifs and steep areas. Locva Mountains, Almaj Mountains, Mehedinti Mountains and Mehedinti Plateau rise on the left side of the Danube.
On the other hand, Djerdap, known as the Iron Gate, was a challenge for travelers, merchants and warriors for thousands of years.
This is a gateway between the two parts of the world, important both culturally and economically, between the middle basin and the lower basin of the Danube.
Iron Gates Natural Park is located in the South-Western part of Romania and its southern boundary is drawn by the fairway of the Danube River. It covers an area of more than 115,655.8 hectares and it is one of the largest natural parks in the country. Iron Gates Natural Park is a true outdoor geological atlas, featuring a series of geological and paleontological points of interest famous at national and European level.
Climatic, geological and morphological conditions have also created here exceptional conditions for the existence of numerous species of plants and animals, unique or rare worldwide.
Djerdap National Park is located in South-eastern Serbia, on the border with Romania.
The total surface of the Park is 63,608 hectares and the surface of the protection areas is 93,968 ha.
Djerdap National Park and the Iron Gates Natural Park form an organic ecosystem.
That is why there are efforts to declare the cross-border area as a Biosphere reserve and a RAMSAR cross-border site in the very near future.
Along the Danube, from Bazias beyond the Timoc Valley, natural and cultural history created a landscape heritage with a wide international reputation, both in terms of biological diversity and cultural vestiges.
Two large natural protected areas were declared on both sides of the old River, in this sector: Djerdap National Park and Iron Gates Natural Park.
The great variety of ecosystems (aquatic, lacustrine, saxicole, screes, shrubs, forests) makes the Danube and its banks to be considered a true natural laboratory, but at the same time a guide into the world of plants and animals.
This area has the most spectacular European gorge, the Danube Gorge, characterized by an alternation of lowland basins and narrowing sectors, differentiated due to extremely complex geological structures crossed by the river.
It shows a sequence of areas with steep rocky slopes where human activity was virtually null, with lowland areas where the settlements, farmed land, meadows and orchards denote an obvious human activity, even this sequence giving this space a particularly pictoresqueness.
Preservation of biological diversity in a protected territory is ensured in the most favorable way when the treatment that is the closest to the one it had before the establishment of the protection is applied, so that the changes involved subsequently to be minimized. Biodiversity, wild flora and fauna preservation is no longer possible without the preservation of a wide variety of natural habitats.